The Historical past of Helpful Flat Roofs
For a while now, roofs have grow to be recreational areas, whether or not in massive sumptuous structures or properties at the outskirts. This situation, on the other hand, isn’t restricted to our occasions. Other cultures at other occasions used flat roofs of their structure, in several techniques.
The primary proof of using roofs is going again to the Mesopotamian peoples and their Ziggurats. Occupying the territory the place Iran and Iraq are positioned as of late, the Sumerians, regarded as the primary civilization on document, constructed outstanding spiritual temples of dust bricks that would additionally produce other makes use of in 4,000 BC. Relating to the well-known Tower of Babel, but even so its spiritual serve as, the Ziggurat of Etemenanki additionally had a systematic function. The scribes noticed the celebs from the roofs of the Ziggurat and knew some planets and stars corresponding to Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Venus, Mercury, the Solar and the Moon. Any other well-known Ziggurat, the Striking Gardens of Babylon, about which little is understood, used to be perhaps constructed via Nebuchadnezzar II within the sixth century BC in homage to his spouse and had a lush lawn on its roof.
Even if those spiritual temples had a usable roof component, it’s believed that the general public lived in cramped self-built properties organized round courtyards and close to the temples themselves. Observed from Tibet to Greece and the Center East, handy roofs seem in several techniques and moments as a vernacular architectural answer that seeks to reply to cultural, climatic and geographic wishes, relying at the social group of each and every other people.
In Greece, as an example, to give protection to themselves from pirates and occupy spaces subsequent to cliffs, dwellings had been dug into the mountain, and their roofs had been handy and for collective use. Within the medinas of Islamic towns, outdated city facilities with an profession very similar to that described via the Mesopotamian peoples, with abnormal, slim streets and crowded structures, one sees the roof as an area for paintings and even home actions.
This kind of profession had a powerful affect in nations corresponding to Spain, Portugal and Italy, the place in small and crowded structures, roofs become another for getting access to daylight in properties, turning into basically a spot of fortify for home upkeep and, later, a recreational area. Later, with the colonization of Spain and Portugal, principally in Latin The us, this similar typology used to be repeated, as is easily portrayed within the movie Roma (2018) via Alfonso Cuarón, which takes position in Mexico. Principally at the outskirts of huge towns, the place speeded up city expansion makes the territory additionally crowded, many see numerous and various makes use of for slabs, from recreational to upkeep.
Alternatively, the historical past of structure officially acknowledges the roof lawn after the trendy motion when Le Corbusier indexed the 5 issues of contemporary structure looking for to confirm the architectural benefits of building the usage of strengthened concrete and the impartial bearing construction. Along side pilotis, horizontal home windows, loose design of the façade and loose design of the bottom plan, the roof lawn is, for Corbusier, an try to repair the herbal atmosphere got rid of from the bottom flooring, bringing citizens nearer to nature. From the trendy motion onwards, and with technological advances, roofing received new and sundry paperwork and actions, whether or not in houses, residential or business structures.
Viewpoints, swimming swimming pools, eating places, vegetable gardens, residences, the realm that some cultures regarded as space upkeep, retaining the water tank and the laundry room – as of late, the roof is likely one of the maximum valued areas in structures, each for structure and the marketplace. Whilst this is occurring, the inhabitants continues to instinctively to find the similar answer that previous civilizations discovered within the absence of open areas and horizons: occupying the highest of structures.
Reference: Clarissa Martins de Lucena Santafé Aguiar, “Terraço Jardim: Uma ideia para (re)inventar”. Get entry to right here.